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Vayechi ~ 5772 ~ יחי
Yakov, after 17 years in Egypt acknowledges that his 147-year life is drawing to an end. He makes Yosef promise to bury him in Hevron. Yosef brings his two sons Efraim and Menashe to Yakov for his final blessing. Yosef, in preparation for the Patriarchal blessing, positions Menashe (the elder) under Yakov’s right hand and Efraim (the younger) under Yakov’s left hand. Yakov gives the final blessing. Yosef, thinking his father is infirm, tries to correct the placement of Yakov’s hands so he would honor the eldest properly, however, Yakov rationalizes his reasoning and actions.
Yakov blesses each of his other eleven sons by identifying their character strengths and weaknesses: Reuven is compared to unstable water, Shimeon and Levi cannot control their anger, Judah shall always be the powerful ruler, Zevulun shall live by the sea, Yisaachar is a hard menial worker, Dan shall judge his brothers and be dangerous as a snake. Gad shall gird himself well for battle, Asher will happily wax fat, Naftali will acquire the gift of eloquent speech, Yosef, the Prince among Israel, shall grow and be blessed mighty beyond his brethren and Benyamin shall be a glorious warrior.
Yakov again instructs his family to bury him in the Sepulcher in Hevron. After giving these last instructions Yakov expires. Yosef asks Pharaoh’s permission to accompany his father’s body to Canaan for burial and receives a royal escort. The ten brothers inform Yosef that Yakov’s final request was for him to forgive them for selling him into slavery; Yosef repeats he already has. Yosef assures his brothers that he will continue to sustain them; their father’s death does not affect his true love for them. Yosef dies at the age of 110, but lived to see his great, great, great grandchildren. Yosef’s final request is to have his bones finally brought to rest in the Land of Israel..
MAFTIR V. 23-26 ~ pages 190-191
HAFTORAH: I KINGS 2:1-12 ~ pages 191-192
King David, at the end of his life, gives his final blessing to Solomon (as Yakov did to his sons) telling him to be courageous and to be true to the Laws of G-d. Furthermore, Yoav’s previous acts of treachery (the murders of Avner and Amasa) must not go unpunished. Shimei, who insulted David and acted contemptuously, must also be punished. Barzillai, who befriended David when he was in need and took care of him, must be likewise rewarded. After reigning for 40 years, King David dies and Solomon succeeds him.
Parsha Study Questions
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1. Why did Yosef have to swear to his father that he would bury him in Israel, wasn’t his word sufficient (v. 47:31)
2. Did Yakov buy the land of Shechem (see v. 33:19) or did he conquer it from the Amorites with his “sword and bow” (v. 49:22)?
3. Didn’t the kingship of Yehuda actually DEPART from him (twice: 586 B.C.E.and 70 C.E.), contradicting Yakov’s blessing (v. 10)?
4. Do you think it strange that as King of Egypt, Yosef didn’t try to build a special burial monument or structure at his father’s grave, or for himself?
5. Was Yakov put in a casket like Yosef, or was this special (v. 26)?